July 1, 2022
by Ralph Toyama

Updates to MLA Citation Style

As mentioned in the recent post about MLA Handbook Plus, the Modern Language Association’s citation style is largely the same in the recently published 9th edition of the MLA Handbook as it was in the 8th edition. These are some of the differences.

  • The Contributors element, formerly called Other Contributors, has been expanded to include key contributors like film directors, music conductors, and if citing a live performance, groups like dance companies and choirs. (5.38-5.47)

  • URLs that run three full lines or longer should be truncated. (5.96)

  • A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) should be presented as a URL starting with This is also how the APA citation style presents DOIs in the current 7th edition of their publication manual. (5.93)

    • MLA 8th:   doi:10.1632/ORIW5168
    • MLA 9th:
  • With MLA 8th, the words University and Press in the names of academic presses should be abbreviated as U and P, e.g., U of Hawaiʻi P. With MLA 9th, if the name does not include the word University, Press should be spelled out. (5.65)

    • MLA 8th:   Belknap P
    • MLA 9th:   Belknap Press
  • When presenting variant forms of an author’s name, (e.g., an author’s real name for a work published under a pseudonym), use square brackets instead of parentheses. The expanded guidance in the 9th ed. gives you some latitude in presenting the information in a way that you feel is most helpful to the reader. (5.14)

    • MLA 8th:Bachman, Richard (Stephen King)
    • MLA 9th:Bachman, Richard [Stephen King]
      Stephen King [published as Richard Bachman]
  • When citing a social media post, MLA 8th had you use the author’s online handle as the author name, with the author’s real name in parentheses. MLA 9th calls for using the real name, followed by the online handle in square brackets. The online handle can be omitted if it’s similar to the real name and a URL to the post is given. (5.16)

    • MLA 8th:   @GrammarGirl (Mignon Fogarty)
    • MLA 9th:   Fogarty, Mignon [@GrammarGirl]
  • When a publication date includes a season, the season is not capitalized. The rationale is to bring this guidance in line with the practice of not capitalizing seasons in prose. (5.79)

    • MLA 8th:   Spring 2022
    • MLA 9th:   spring 2022
  • “Optional Elements” are now called “Supplemental Elements”, because there are cases in which these elements are required to supply necessary clarifying information. This could be information like a date of access for a source that has been altered or removed. Or an indication of the medium of publication might be needed if multiple forms of a work are available from the same place, such as a web page with both an audio clip and a transcript of that audio. (5.105-5.119)

Sources: MLA Handbook, 8th & 9th eds. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed.

Streaming Videos at Leeward CC: Docuseek

June 28, 2022 by Cheryl | 0 comments

Over the last few weeks, we gave you an overview of the library’s streaming video platforms, introduced you to Academic Video Online (AVON), and shared some great resources for feature films. This time our focus is on Docuseek, our newest streaming platform.

Docuseek logo and film images.

Docuseek at a glance

  • Provides access to more than 2,000 documentaries from independent distributors.
  • Content providers include Bullfrog Films, Icarus Films, Collective Eye, GOOD DOCS, and more.
  • Covers a wide range of subjects, with an emphasis on social issues, anthropology, environmental issues, and history.
  • These films are generally not available through other streaming platforms.

Using Docuseek

To access this resource, start at our A-Z Databases page and select Docuseek from the list. If you are off campus, you may be prompted to enter your UH login first.

The home page displays popular/timely films and top subjects.

Docuseek home page screenshot.

Click on the Browse link at the top of the screen for an A-Z list of films available, the Subjects link to view films categorized by hundreds of subject areas, or the Search icon to perform a title or keyword search.

Screenshot showing the Browse, Subjects, and Search functions on the Docuseek homepage.

After performing a search or browsing the A-Z list of films available, you may filter your results by subject, year, or source (distributor). Enter your criteria in the left sidebar, then click on the Filter button. Advanced search functions are available by clicking on the More search options button.

Screenshot showing Docuseek filter options.

After selecting a video, you may generate a direct link by clicking on Embed. Many videos have transcripts, which may be viewed by clicking on the Transcript button. Some videos even have interactive transcripts that allow you to click on a section of text to skip to the corresponding part of the video.

Screenshot showing Embed and Transcript features in Docuseek.

Additional features, such as creating clips and playlists, are available to registered users. Register for your free personal account by clicking on the Register link at the top of any page.

Screenshot showing Docuseek Register link.

Top 5 Docuseek videos at Leeward CC

Docuseek is a very recent addition to our streaming video platforms, but these are the most popular titles so far:

Screenshot from Out of State.

Out of State

Native men return to Hawaii after their cultural reawakening at a private prison in the Arizona desert.

Screenshot of Affluenza.


Diagnoses the ‘disease’ of materialism and prescribes its antidote, simple living.

Screenshot of Adam Smith, The Birth of the Free Market.

Adam Smith, The Birth of the Free Market

Episode 1 of the Capitalism series. Capitalism is much more complex than the vision Adam Smith laid out. Indeed, it predates Smith by centuries and took root in the practices of colonialism and the slave trade.

Screenshot of Net Cafe Refugees.

Net Cafe Refugees

Internet cafes have existed in Japan for well over a decade, but in the mid 2000’s customers found a new use for these spaces: living quarters.

Screenshot of Death by Design.

Death by Design

Investigates the electronics industry and reveals how even the smallest devices have deadly environmental and health costs.

Intrigued? It’s hard not to be when compelling stories are brought to life so vividly through film. Experience these stories, and hundreds more, at Docuseek.

Tune in next time, when we’ll cover one of the library’s most popular resources: Kanopy!

June 27, 2022
by Ralph Toyama

New Online Resource: MLA Handbook Plus

The library now subscribes to MLA Handbook Plus, an online platform which gives access to the 9th edition of the MLA Handbook, the guide to academic writing from the Modern Language Association. Students now have unlimited access to comprehensive guidance for using the MLA citation style. Also in MLA Handbook Plus are two additional e-books: Guide to Digital Literacy and MLA Guide to Undergraduate Research in Literature.

MLA Handbook Plus also has a “Courses” section, which currently features MLA Style 101, a series of short video lessons about the core elements of the MLA citation template. Each lesson shows how to find the information for that element, and how to put that information into a citation.

While the MLA citation style has changed little since the 8th edition of the handbook, the guidance for citing sources has been expanded and reorganized in the 9th edition. Hundreds of sample citations have been added, as have many illustrations. Among the changes to the citation style are an expansion of the contributor element, options for the handling of long URLs, and changes to how social media content is cited. There are also changes to how pseudonyms, Digital Object Identifiers, certain publishers, and publication dates with seasons are shown.

The 9th edition of the handbook has significantly more content than the 8th edition, including bringing back past handbook content not included in the 8th edition. There is new or updated guidance on quotations and paraphrasing, avoiding plagiarism, formatting papers, footnotes and endnotes, and annotated bibliographies. It also has new writing advice, including guidance for spelling, punctuation, abbreviation, grammar, capitalization, and inclusive language.

Sources: EasyBib’s MLA 8 vs. MLA 9: Updates and Highlights and MLA’s How Does the Ninth Edition of the MLA Handbook Compare with the Eighth Edition? and the What’s New in the Ninth Edition of the MLA Handbook webinar.

Electronic Resource Access Models

June 21, 2022 by Cheryl | 0 comments

Line drawing of a person with a frustrated expression, looking at a computer.
“I could have sworn I saw it here before . . . “

Has this ever happened to you? You stumble upon a series on Netflix, watch every episode, and really enjoy it. A year later, you decide to re-watch it, only to find that it has vanished without a trace! What happened?

In short, Netflix doesn’t own all of the content that is made available through the platform. They negotiate licensing agreements with the content owners, and some of these agreements expire. If you want guaranteed access to your favorite show, you usually need to purchase it, either on DVD or through a different streaming service.

Many of the library’s electronic resources operate in much the same manner. Read on to learn about two of our main access models–subscription and perpetual–and how the type of model may affect the resources you use.

Subscription model

Drawing depicting a financial transaction between a streaming video company and a user.

With the subscription model, we usually pay an annual fee that gives our users access to everything that is currently included in the collection. Examples of subscription resources:

What’s great about this model?

  • It offers a large amount of content that would be unaffordable if purchased individually.
  • The collections are continually refreshed with new content.
  • There is usually no limit to the number of simultaneous users.

What’s not so great about this model?

  • We cannot select the individual titles included in the collections.
  • A relatively small amount of content is removed periodically, and we have no control over what is removed.

If you’ve ever found yourself in a situation where you can’t find an ebook or video that you know you’ve seen before, chances are it was a subscription title that was removed from the platform. Vendors generally add and remove content throughout the year, but some do their large removals in the summer and at the end of the year.

For example, this is the list of ebooks that will be removed from Ebook Central after June 30, and this is the list of videos leaving Academic Video Online after July 11.

Perpetual access model

An hourglass on its side.

With the perpetual access model, we purchase the titles we want, and they are ours for as long as we have access to the platform. This purchasing model is available on many of the same platforms that offer subscription collections.

What’s great about this model?

  • We select only the titles we want, so we have greater control over the collection.
  • These titles will not disappear unexpectedly.
  • Some ebooks are priced for one, three, or unlimited simultaneous users, so we may select the option that best fits our needs.

What’s not so great about this model?

  • Not all titles are available for purchase, and some are only available for one user at a time.
  • Prices can be very high, depending on the title.
  • Titles in rapidly changing fields will be outdated in a few years.

How can I tell if the ebook or video I want to use for my class is going to be there for sure?

Unfortunately, you probably can’t tell, so it’s best that you contact your library liaison or to check. If your title is part of a subscription package, it is sometimes possible to purchase it under a perpetual access model, as well. For some streaming videos, limited-term licenses may also be available; this works well in situations where the video is needed for 1-3 years, but not permanently.

Memo pad with "remember" written on it.

The key takeaway here is that it is a good idea to contact us if you are planning to use an ebook, streaming video, or other library resource for a class assignment or other important purpose. We cannot guarantee that perpetual access will be available for everything, but we will make every effort to prevent unpleasant surprises from happening.

Now, if Netflix would only bring back Friends . . .

Streaming Videos at Leeward CC: Feature Films

June 14, 2022 by Cheryl | 0 comments

In the past few weeks, we gave you an overview of our streaming video platforms and an introduction to Academic Video Online (AVON). This week, our focus is on feature films. Many of our streaming platforms offer at least a few feature films, but two of our resources really showcase them: Feature Films for Education and Swank Digital Campus.

Feature Films for Education

Feature Films for Education banner with link to resource.

Feature Films for Education at a glance

  • Currently contains 693 films, with new titles added periodically.
  • Content is primarily from 20th Century Fox, Fox Searchlight, and related labels.
  • Films on this platform are generally not available on our other streaming platforms.
  • Includes classic films as well as more recent blockbusters and Academy Award winners.

Using Feature Films for Education

To access this resource, start at our A-Z Databases page and select Feature Films for Education from the list. If you are off campus, you may be prompted to enter your UH login first.

Use the search box in the top middle of the page to enter a video title or keywords, or click on the Menu in the top left corner to browse by title or genre.

Feature Films for Education screenshot showing search and browse features.

After entering a search, you may use the filters in the right sidebar to specify a genre, language or copyright date.

Screenshot showing filters in right sidebar.

Click on the film you wish to view. From the next page, you may generate direct links to the video, or press the Play button to see playback options.

Screenshot showing embed/link and playback functions.

Select one of the playback options to view the video. Some films also have audio in Spanish. You may expand the video to fullscreen, skip forward or backward, and play the video at a faster or slower speed.

Screenshot showing playback options.

Top 10 Feature Films for Education videos at Leeward CC

What’s popular on Feature Films for Education? Over the past 12 months, the following videos were the most viewed:

  1. Ford vs. Ferrari
  2. 12 Years a Slave
  3. Working Girl
  4. Tolkien
  5. Avatar
  6. Slumdog Millionaire
  7. A Midsummer Night’s Dream
  8. The African Queen
  9. Belle
  10. Bohemian Rhapsody

Swank Digital Campus

Our second major resource for feature films is Swank Digital Campus.

Swank Digital Campus logo with link to resource.

Swank Digital Campus at a glance

  • We currently have 23 films licensed.
  • Swank is different from most of our other resources in that we do not subscribe to a collection, but are allotted a set number of licenses each year. Titles are licensed individually, upon instructor request, for a 1-year term.
  • More than 25,000 titles are available to be licensed, including films from major studios such as Disney, Paramount, Sony, Warner, and more.
  • Swank titles are licensed only for instructional use in class. They may not be shown for campus/club events or other non-coursework purposes.

Using Swank Digital Campus

To access this resource, start at our A-Z Databases page and select Swank Digital Campus from the list. If you are off campus, you may be prompted to enter your UH login first.

Next, you will be prompted to indicate your campus role. Select Student if you simply wish to view the films available in our portal. If you are an instructor and would like to request a title for your class, you may select Instructor and create an account. View this video for information on creating an instructor account, and this video for the title request process.

Swank screenshot showing campus role selection.

Note that a few titles have special restrictions that prevent them from being visible to students in our portal, even though they are licensed to us. These Restricted titles may only be shared with students via direct link (ideally through Laulima). If you are an instructor and request a restricted title, we will send you the direct link once the title is licensed. You may also generate a link by logging in with your instructor account.

Click on any film, then select the Watch button to view it, or the Share button to generate a direct link.

Screenshot showing functions for watching films and generating direct links.

When playing a video, you may click on the Menu icon (3 dots in the lower right corner of the screen) for audio and subtitle options. Depending on the film, various languages may be available.

Screenshot showing menu for audio and subtitle options.

If you would like to request a video for use in your class but don’t want to create an instructor account, please contact us at We have a limited number of licenses available each year, but will do our best to fulfill your request.

Top 10 Swank Digital Campus videos at Leeward CC

What’s popular on Swank Digital Campus? Over the past 12 months, the following videos were the most viewed:

Next week we’ll switch gears a bit and share some great resources for documentaries.  Stay tuned!

Streaming Videos at Leeward CC: Academic Video Online (AVON)

June 8, 2022 by Cheryl | 0 comments

Last week, we gave you an overview of the major streaming video platforms available to Leeward CC students, faculty and staff. This week, we will focus on our largest platform, Academic Video Online (AVON).

Academic Video Online banner with link to site.

AVON at a glance

  • Currently contains more than 79,000 videos.
  • New titles are added every month. Titles are also removed periodically.
  • Includes documentaries, instructional material, newsreels, performances, interviews, and other content types.
  • Covers a wide range of subject areas, including social sciences, history, business, education, and performing arts.
  • Provides content in dozens of languages, such as Dutch, French, Spanish, German, Italian, Japanese, and Korean.

Using AVON

To access AVON, start at our A-Z Databases page and select Academic Video Online (AVON) from the list. If you are off campus, you may be prompted to enter your UH Login first.

Use the search box in the top right corner to enter a video title or keywords and search the current channel.

Enter title or keywords in search box at top right of screen.

Click on the Filter icon to narrow your search results by subject, publisher, person, content type, language, or release date. Filters can be set before or after you enter your search term(s).

Filter button is in the middle of the page, above the videos.

Click on any video for more details, or to view, cite, or share it. You may click on the Transcript feature to read the transcript as you watch the video, or to skip to a section of interest.

Transcripts can be viewed alongside video and can be used for navigation.

Click on the Share icon to generate direct links to the video.

Direct links are accessed via the Share icon at the bottom right corner of the screen.
Permalink, embed, and social media sharing options are available.

Additional features are available. Watch these videos to learn more about using AVON:

For information on embedding videos in Laulima, please refer to this guide: Linking to Articles, E-Books, and Videos.

Ethnographic Video Online

Ethnographic Video Online, Vol. III: Indigenous Voices is a subset of AVON that focuses on films made by and for indigenous people and communities. The collection consists of 653 videos to which we have permanent access (unlike the vast majority of AVON content that is subscription-based). Ethnographic Video Online titles may be accessed within AVON or via the separate Ethnographic Video Online channel.

Screenshot of Ethnographic Video Online channel.

Hosted content

The library also uses AVON to host a limited number of videos that are not part of the AVON subscription. We currently have three titles available:

Hosted titles available via AVON.

Top 10 AVON videos at Leeward CC

What’s popular on AVON? Over the past 12 months, the following videos were the most viewed:

  1. Ahupua‘a, Fishponds and Lo‘i
  2. Nation Within
  3. Corridor Four
  4. Kumu Hina
  5. Conquest of Hawaii
  6. John Lewis: Good Trouble
  7. Flow: for Love of Water
  8. Hi-Ho Mistahey!
  9. American Experience: Eyes on the Prize, No Easy Walk (1961-1963)
  10. Terms and Conditions May Apply

We hope you’ve learned something new about AVON. Next week we’ll cover our resources for feature films, so stay tuned!

Streaming Videos at Leeward CC

May 31, 2022 by Cheryl | 0 comments

If a picture is worth a thousand words, imagine the impact of a high-quality, well-chosen video. Fortunately, Leeward CC has access to a wide variety of streaming video content.

Films available from Kanopy
Films available from Kanopy.
Sample films available from Feature Films for Education.
Films available from Feature Films for Education.
Films available from Swank Digital Campus
Films available from Swank Digital Campus.

The table below summarizes our various streaming platforms. Click on the platform title to access the resource. Off-campus users may be prompted to sign in with their UH Login.

Academic Video Online (AVON)SubscriptionDocumentaries, tutorials, performances, and more.79,240Includes hosted content and Ethnographic Video Online titles.
DocuseekSubscriptionDocumentaries on social and environmental issues.2,182Primarily exclusive content from independent filmmakers.
Ethnographic Video OnlinePerpetualFilms by and for indigenous people and communities.653Content is also included in Academic Video Online (AVON).
Feature Films for EducationSubscriptionFeature films from 20th Century Fox and related labels.693These titles are generally not available on other platforms.
Films on DemandLicensed selectivelyDocumentaries and other educational films.8Titles licensed upon faculty request.
KanopyPay-per-view and licensed selectivelyFeature films, documentaries, foreign films, classics, and more.28,089Library pays a small fee per view; heavily used titles are licensed.
Swank Digital CampusLicensed selectivelyFeature films from Disney, Warner Bros., Sony, and other major studios.23Titles licensed upon faculty request.

Streaming Video DOs and DON’Ts

No matter which platform you use, please keep in mind these general DOs and DON’Ts:

DO 🙂

  • Show films during in-person classes.
  • Share direct links with your students so they may view films on their own.
  • View as many films as you like, as often as you like!


  • Show films outside of class for events (free or paid) without first consulting the library.
  • Stream films over Zoom or other video conferencing services.
  • Share films with persons not affiliated with Leeward CC.

In the coming weeks, we’ll give you an overview of each of our major streaming video platforms–their content, how to access them, and the most popular titles. Perhaps you’ll discover that perfect video to enrich your coursework, augment your learning, or just enliven your weekend!

Summer 2022 Hours & Services

May 18, 2022 by Leeward CC Learning Commons | 0 comments




May 23 – Aug 12 Summer Hours
Monday – Friday, 8am – 4pm
May 30 (Mon) CLOSED in observance of Memorial Day






We will be offering tutoring in-person, by phone, and via Zoom on the following days:

Summer Session I (June 1st – July 1st)

Session II (July 5th – August 12th)

Our operation days and hours are Monday – Thursday (10am – 3pm).

To make an appointment, create an account via Penjiapp using your UH email. *Starting June 1

Visit our Writing Center website, email or call (808) 455-0409 for more information.


Summer 2022 Writing Center Hours

Making an Appointment via Penji



We will be offering tutoring in-person and via Zoom on the following days:

Summer Session I (June 1st – July 1st)

Session II (July 5th – August 12th)

Our operation days and hours are Monday – Thursday.

To check subject specific tutor availability, please go to Penjiapp. To make an appointment, create an account via Penjiapp using your UH email. *Starting June 1.

Email or call (808) 455-0409 for more information.


Summer 2022 LRC Flyer



Semester Laptop Loans


Laptops & Internet Devices

We will start circulating semester loan laptops and internet devices Monday, May 23rd!

  • Must be registered for at least 1 Leeward class
  • Students may only borrow during the session they are registered for
  • Early College students are ineligible

If you know of a student in need of a laptop or an internet device, please have them contact Circulation Services (x210 or


Finals Week: May 9-13

May 10, 2022 by An | 0 comments

Annual Learning Commons and Library User Survey


Learning Commons & Library Annual User Survey
Please take a few minutes of your time to complete our annual survey to help us improve services. Survey ends Friday, May 13th. Mahalo to those who already submitted!



Spring 2022 Finals Countdown Extended Hours


Library Extended Hours: May 9-12
Monday – Thursday
8am – 6pm

We will offer free snacks and relaxation kits, while supplies last!

Supplies are funded by Student Government. Spring 2022 Leeward registration required.

For more information about Finals Countdown, please visit



Friday, May 13: Learning Commons & Library closed due to Commencement
Online services will be available

  • Library
  • Writing Center
    • Online Appointments via Penjiapp: 11am – 5pm
  • Learning Resource Center
    • Online Appointments via Penjiapp: 11am – 3pm



Interim Week (May 16-20): Learning Commons & Library Closed
Online Chat and Phone: Monday – Friday, 8am – 4pm


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